Foot Bones

Bones of the Foot

On a day to day basis most people don’t think about their feet or foot care for that matter, but the truth of the matter is everyone relies on their feet to get anywhere and everywhere.  Imagine, around 25% or 1/4th of the bones in the human body are foot bones, they are an extremely important part of the human body that has evolved over thousands of years to benefit the mobility of humans.  Next to the hands, the feet are the most articulated limbs in the human body which is why foot problems can be so painful when even minor injury is incurred.  The feet bear all the weight of a human body and every little joint formed between the foot bones must flex to walk correctly.  Bipedalism is something that is uniquely human; the feet are highly specialized in this form of locomotion.
With all this importance placed on feet, podiatry should be of great importance to people, to avoid foot problems one should have a professional podiatrist to consult with regarding foot care.  The vast majority of people do not consider the services of a good podiatrist until they are afflicted with some form of foot injury, but to have healthy feet as well as a healthy body one should have a good podiatrist for consultation.  Podiatrists have an important role in the medical field and can address many physiological problems that stem from foot problems and can often times diagnose other diseases based on ailments they observe on a patient’s foot.  Some people don’t believe in the professionalism and the need of podiatrist likening them to acupuncturists and other pseudo-medical fields but the truth of the matter is podiatrists are doctors.  They specialize in foot care much like dentists are specialized doctors for dental ailments podiatrists are foot specialists and have to go through proper educational institutions as well as qualify their skills to be able to practice.
There are a number of different tasks and medical procedures that a podiatrist can perform in their practice.  They are qualified to diagnose certain diseases, conduct minor surgery and prescribe medicine.  Below are some of the common tasks that a podiatrist does on a day to day basis in pursuit of good foot care.
The diagnosis and treatment of ulcers, fractures, tumors, and dermatological afflictions.  It is common for a podiatrist to deal with all aspects of ailments in podiatry.
Performing minor surgery to alleviate pain from foot injuries such as bunions, fractures, calluses, and fractures are something that a licensed podiatrist is qualified to do.
Identifying, diagnosing and treating a wide array of dermatological ailments that afflict the feet are one of the fortes of a podiatrist.  Many people complain about foot problems due to itchiness, pain or other discomfort coming from the skin on their feet.
Chiropractic tasks such as checking the joints of a patient’s foot, a podiatrist is fully qualified to conduct x-rays and examine them.  Their understanding of foot bones and foot anatomy allows them to deal with a host of foot problems that stem from damage to the bones or joints in the foot.
Prescribing medicines such as antibiotics for bacterial infections, doctors of podiatry are also qualified to make prescriptions for minor pain killers for the treatment of pain incurred from a foot injury.
Podiatrists often consult with other doctors from other fields of medicine in regards to certain concerns with particular patients; a good podiatrist can diagnose a host of diseases whose symptoms manifest as certain foot problems.
With all of the different tasks that a podiatrist completes in their practice of podiatry they deserve respect from the public who take them for nothing more than “foot doctors”.  Although some people do not respect them in the same way they do with dentists, the podiatrist’s field is far more reaching than most dentistry.  A podiatrist can diagnose a host of different diseases such as cancer, diabetes and heart disease and consult with patient’s physicians about the diseases.  The feet are the base of the human and podiatry can be the base of medical practice as many ailments manifest themselves in the condition of one’s feet.
Many common people are not actually aware of podiatrists until they themselves are afflicted with a foot problem or other foot injury.  After seeking such treatment most people really understand the importance of a good podiatrist.  Enumerated below are some of the most common ailments that people go to podiatrists for.
Chronic foot pain – persistent pain coming from the feet can be caused by many different podiatry problems it can result from foot injury or improper foot care.  Podiatrists are able to identify and diagnose problems even from vague symptoms such as pain with proper examination of the foot.
Cracking, peeling, and scaling of skin on the foot – This dermatological problem can arise from several different factors, sometimes this is due to some form of bacterial infection, other times it is from some form of other acquired skin ailment.
Red streaks on the feet or the discharge of pus – These kinds of problems are most likely manifestations of a bacterial infection; improper foot care is usually to blame.  A podiatrist may prescribe an anti-biotic topical cream or an ingestible broad spectrum anti-biotic.
Foot or ankle pain resulting from a sprain or twist – Pain from damage to the foot bones can be excruciatingly painful and can limit mobility to an extreme degree.  This usually results from orthopedic damage  that must be resolved either by casting or surgery.  To properly diagnose the foot injury a doctor of podiatry must conduct an x-ray to assess the damage and see what is causing the pain.  There are many foot bones and damage to any of them can cause a person a lot of pain just from walking around or placing any amount of pressure on the hurt foot.
Arthritic Foot Pains – Usually in geriatric medicine, patients that suffer from this kind of pain may be suffering from more than just a foot injury.  It is the role of a foot doctor to address this chiropractic illness with the use of x-rays and the prescription of certain drugs to alleviate the pain as well as treat the damage.  Their knowledge of foot anatomy can help patients whose feet are suffering from arthritis or osteoporosis
Bunions – Also known by the medical terms Hallux valgus or Hallux abducto-valgus, this is the lateral deviation of the big toe in an external fashion toward the other toes.  The portion often known as the bunion is a bump or swelling of the area where the main joint of the big toe.  The symptoms of this foot injury are usually treated with rest, pain killers, and proper foot care. But to truly fix the problem surgery is necessary.
Hammer Toe- This condition usually arises from a muscle imbalance from within the foot of the patient.  The toe is uncomfortably bent in a claw like position which usually occurs on the second toe.  Improper foot care is usually to blame for this condition, and can  from wearing footwear that is too tight for the wearer’s feet.
Ingrown toenails – These are a direct result of improper foot care, foot problems such as this result from improper maintenance of one’s feet.  This condition occurs when the corners of the nail start to dig into the flesh as they grow.  Not necessarily a problem in podiatry as it is a hygienic one, all a podiatrist can do with this is to teach the patient proper foot care.
Heel spurs – These painful bone growths  on the foot bones are caused by the planar fascia inflaming and thickening, treatment for this foot injury usually concentrates on the selection of proper footwear and better foot care, in extreme cases minor surgery may be required but the spurs themselves are not removed.
Shin splints – This is not really a foot injury but its source is from the feet.  This is the pain on either side of the lower leg bone resulting from muscle tendon inflammation.  Although a bit on the fringes of podiatry this condition is often fixed by proper foot care and stretching.  This is because the inflammation of the tendons is often due to improper warming up and stretching before undertaking strenuous exercise.
The number of conditions that are treated by podiatrists is amazing; there are so many different aspects to podiatry that it is surprising how many different conditions can be diagnosed from the feet alone.  Knowledge of foot anatomy is only the most basic of training and the scope of their services far out reaches this realm.  There are certain podiatrists that deal in special branches of podiatry and specialize in the foot care of specialized patients and clientele such as the treatment of the diabetic foot.  There are many different aspects of podiatry than can be listed in a short article, most podiatrists deal with foot care and the treatment of a patient’s foot injury but this is only the base of their practice there is much more they can accomplish.  In a sense podiatrists have a “foothold” in medicine by practicing podiatry.

Did you know?

Children’s foot bones are generally broken less often then adult foot bones because children’s feet are more flexible!

foot bones of children

children rarely break their feet due to having cartilidge

Breaking Footbones!

Foot bones usually break when something crushes, twists, bends, or even stretches the bone! Your toes are broken usually when you kick something hard. Like stubbing your toe on the dresser! Most people will break there heels when they fall from a something tall and land on there feet. And other bones usually break when you twist an ankle. Sometimes you can put small cracks in your foot bones from a long or reapeated stress. Most the time dancers, runners, gymnast or soldiers in full gear will get these stress fractures.

Broken Foot Bones?

Did you know?

Doctors will generally x-ray both feet on a child so they can compare for broken feet because a children’s foot bones are still growing!

Most of the time foot bones that are broken will cause pain and swelling, usually the pain is bad that you can’t walk, but that is not always the case. Broken foot bones in the toes will generally cause less pain and you might be able to walk. Bruising or redness is common with broken foot bones.


Home Remedies

proper foot care

take care of your feet and they will take care of you

First aid for people with broken foot bones is generally elevation of the injured foot along with stabilization. Any kind of splint that will make the foot not move is effective. Usually a pillow wrapped around the foot like a u shape and then taped or tied with bandage will work great, don’t overwrap the foot, if the wrap is to tight it may cut off blood circulation to the foot. And if your splint causes the foot to hurt worse or makes it difficult to wiggle your toes you should remove the splint as soon as possible.  Do not attempt to walk on the broken foot if it hurts. In most cases toe bones will heal themselves however medical attention should be found if your toe is not in a normal direction.


Medical Treatment

Treatment for broken foot bones usually depends on what foot bone you broke and how broken the foot bone or foot bones are. Some broken foot bones can be treated with crutches and a flat shoe. Other broken foot bones require splints or cast.

Treatment for a broken bone in the foot depends on which bone is broken and how it is broken. Some broken bones in the foot can be treated with crutches and flat-bottom shoes, others require splints or casts, and still others require surgery to repair the bones.

Bones Of the Foot!

Did you know?

The 52 foot bones make up for almost 25 percent of all the bones in your body?


The human foot has 26 foot bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, 19 muscles and tendons.

The human foot bones consist of seven tarsal foot bones: Talus, cuniforms I, II, and III, calcaneus, and navicular. There are five metatarsals I-IV, and the great toe has two phalanges and the other four toes have three in each of them. That is a total of 26 bones in each foot. There is also a sesamoid bone in the big toe, but it’s usually not counted.