Bones of the Foot
Anatomy of the Foot
Ever wonder how our feet carry our body and bring us to our destination, this is possible through the numerous foot bones of each human foot. The complex structure of a human foot is highly functional such as the ability to carry the weight of a human body. A human foot includes the ankle, toes, and the metatarsus or middle region. The human foot anatomy consists of 52 foot bones, 33 joints, 19 muscles, 107 ligaments and tendons with individual functions for support and locomotion. Our body is composed of 25 percent foot bones. There are 26 bones in each foot which provide structural support to a human body. The foot bones are grouped as the tarsal bones, the metatarsal bones, and the phalanx bone. The tarsal bones are seven; the metatarsal bones are five, and 14 phalanges which total into 26 foot bones in each foot. The big toe is supported by a sesamoid bone but not included in the count. The entire foot is classified as the hind-foot, the mid-foot, and the forefoot. Two among the seven tarsal bones are at the hind-foot while the mid-foot has the remaining five tarsal bones. The metatarsal bones and the phalanx bone are in the forefoot. Pain, swelling, bruises and redness of the foot oftentimes show broken foot bones. Lesser pain is felt on broken foot bones in the toes and it does not affect walking. Foot bones break when crushed, twisted, during stretching, or being weighed down by foot problems such as foot injury. Falling down from a considerable height brings trauma to the feet and oftentimes breaks the heels or cracks the foot bones. The ankle usually suffers from foot injury due to twisted bones. The adult foot bones receive most fractures due to strenuous activities while the children’s foot bones are less broken because their feet are more flexible. Both of a child’s feet are x-rayed to compare the foot bones as they are still growing.
Broken Foot and Foot Problems
Our feet are always under stress but often neglected. 80 percent of humans suffering from foot problems are caused by constant strenuous activities, occupation hazards, unfit shoes, and effect of serious health conditions. An individual with broken foot bones should receive immediate first aid by raising the foot. It is important not to move constantly the injured foot by securing with a pillow tied around the foot, the foot tightly tied to avoid poor blood circulation. Avoid walking while the foot bones are swollen and still hurting, protect the foot with a splint or a cast, and use crutches to be able to walk. Broken toe bones are self healing but when deformed, it must be taken for medical examination. Seriously broken foot bones require surgery for fast recovery. Every individual is responsible for proper foot care and extra caution not to bring foot injury to the feet. The foot as an extremely complex mechanism, is simplified by the foot anatomy through the identification of each part and relevant functions which are necessary to diagnose the condition of the foot and the possibility of a surgical procedure during a foot injury. A good foot care is a way to prevent various foot problems resulting to poor blood circulation, corns and calluses, bunion, neuroma, toenail fungus, hammertoes, ingrown toenail, flat feet, plantar warts, athlete’s foot, and achilles tendonitis which is the inflammation of the tendon. The human foot problems signify some serious illnesses on arthritis and diabetes, and disorders of the nerve and circulatory. Incorrect trimming of toenails and using unfit shoes brings harm to your feet not only discomfort, swelling and calluses but also poor blood circulation. Check your feet regularly and acquire a primary care from a doctor on podiatry who is trained to diagnose and treat foot problems and foot injury. It’s also recommended to seek the special services of an orthopedic surgeon and a dermatologist.
For professional care, a licensed physician on podiatry is qualified to diagnose and treat foot problems, foot bones, ankles, leg structures, and lower extremity disorders. The practice of podiatry medicine started in the 20th century and currently recognized worldwide through a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine. The specialization is obtained from the extensive years of studying and training in human anatomy, pathophysiology, physiological, psychological and sociological perspective obtained from the field of surgery, general medicine, and pharmacology. A doctor of podiatry identifies possible systematic diseases of a patient. The foot often reveals medical conditions such as diabetes, heart complications, and high blood pressure. Podiatry is a medical expert in performing surgery treats fractures and injured foot bones that are sports related. Aside from performing medical history, physical examination, and prescribe medications to a patient, the doctor of podiatry prescribes fit insoles, orthotics, and custom-made shoes. Through expert medical care of the feet of a diabetic, it prevents amputation of the foot or loss of a limb.
Tips for healthy and strong foot bones
The valuable tips for a better foot care as follows: level up the feet when sitting or lying to relax the muscles and aid in a better blood circulation; soak your foot in warm water, and pamper your foot with a gentle massage is hygienic and healthy. Avoid exposure to cold temperature and keep your feet dry without out leaving any moist especially in between the toes where fungal and bacteria can possibly grow. Fungus and bacteria bring dry skin, redness, blisters, peeling, itching and bad odor. When untreated immediately leads to foot problems such as infection, it is recommended to go to a doctor if the infection remains within two weeks. Healthy pair of feet with strong foot bones are signs of good health. The feet are the best friend of a runner; it hits the ground several miles in a few minutes and absorbs the pressure and weight of the body. Although the feet are perfectly made for running, they deserve to be treated with proper foot care. Never take for granted that your feet bear several hours of workouts and the miles of running. Do not ignore any pains and foot injury as it brings foot problems or serious illnesses. Keep your feet comfortable and clean through good fitting germ free shoes, a healthy foot and strong foot bones bring many miles to your life.